“There are only 10 types of people in the world: Those who understand binary and those who don’t.”
In Binary, the number ‘2’ is represented by the digits ’10’.
The binary number system is a mathmatical concept that was invented by Gottfried Leibniz in 1689. Binary is a base 2 mathmatical system that consists of two numbers: Zero and One.
The most widely used number system in place today, is the base 10 number system. Otherwise known as the Decimal system. We use this system because we have ten fingers, this makes it more natural for us to count in groups of ten.
The base 2 system is the basis for all binary code and is used everyday all around the world on any device with a processor.
In a computer system, zero and one can represent a number of different things. For example; On or Off, True or False.
In a computer chip; Zeroes represent no flow of electricity and One’s are represented by electricity flowing.
This pattern allows for any sequence of numbers of letters to be translated into binary and transmitted along a network in the form of an electrical signal.
The diagram above shows how each value in binary can create a different value. When a ‘one’ occupies every space, that value becomes 256 bits. For every eight bits in binary, that adds up to a total of one byte.